Photonics (a new area of science and technology, located at the junction of two classical areas: optics and electronics) is considered among the priority areas of science and technology by many leading, developed and technologically advanced countries (US, UK, South Korea, the European Union). Photonics is highlighted as one of the priorities in these countries. In the EU, photonics is one of six key technologies with investments of €7 billion in the research and innovation program, “Horizon 2020: Photonics – the engine of economic growth in Europe.” Furthermore, 2015 was declared “International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies” at the United Nations General Assembly, 20 December 2015.
Photonics successfully developed as a business: thousands of high-tech companies are operating in this sector worldwide. The global market for photonics is estimated at €350 billion and is expected to reach €600 billion by 2020. According to the American OIDA Commission, photonics-based products will account for over 35% of all consumer technology products.
Photonics is extremely important for solving many social and technical problems: high-speed information transfer, energy development and efficiency, ensuring healthy living standards, security and others. Photonics production is in Europe is growing at an average rate of 8% per year; this industry has great potential on the global market.
In 2013, the Russian government approved a road map titled “Development of Optoelectronic Technology (photonics).” The implementation of this “road map” is going to accelerate the development of photonics as a high-tech industry.
The priority areas of research in Skoltech photonics technologies are:
In the summer of 2014 Skoltech, in collaboration with the ITMO University (St. Petersburg), Novosibirsk State University and supported by the industrial partner “Research Institute “Cyclone”(in the structure of OJSC” Russian electronics “), formed a consortium in the field of materials. This consortium received a federal budget grant as part of the Federal Target Program, “Research and development in priority areas of scientific and technological complex of Russia for 2014-2020,” for the next 3 years that was announced on September 15 2014.
The title of the project : “The development of new materials and photonic devices based on them”.
The project will be implemented by the Center for Photonic Science and Engineering jointly with the project partners.